Steroid In Sports
Lots of news is coming up about the steroid use of sports persons after the start of the Olympics. It is not only the sports persons who use steroids but other people also. Though in sports it is cheating, wherein you are advantageous than other players competing with you.
What are steroids?
Let’s see what steroids are. Steroids were initially used to treat various diseases. Now there are more than 100 steroids. Some doctors prescribe steroids for some diseases. It is illegal to get steroids without a doctor’s prescription. Doctors prescribe steroids only small doses of steroids for various health issues.
Steroids can be taken orally or can be injected.
Sports and steroids.
Sports persons are driven by a fierce feel that should win or get a medal for their country. This fierceness leads them to use steroids as they somehow want to win. The use of steroids in sports can be found from 1950’s. Anabolic steroids are used by the sports persons. The anabolic-androgenic steroids are used when you have some problem in secretion of testosterone. Use of these steroids increases the secretion of testosterone.
They cause more muscle building, deeper voice and growth of facial hair.These steroids are synthetic testosterone. These were developed to help persons with hormonal problems. Using the steroids in sports is not recommended. Some people in sports use this steroid to get muscle building. Also, this helps in reducing muscle damage which happens during training sessions. When they recover faster, they are able to work out more
super steroid . Using steroid gives an aggressive feeling, which they think helps them in performing better.
Steroids can be taken as pills orally or injected into the body. A new form of steroids used is as an ointment. You can just rub it in your skin or which penetrates into the body through a medicated patch. Generally people prefer to take steroids by injections as oral form is said to have more side effects. Although steroids taken as injections are also harmful, oral steroids affect the liver sooner.
Usually, the usage of steroids is limited to a short duration of time. However, when you use them for an extended period of time, say a few weeks or even a few months, it is called “cycling”. This term doesn’t refer to the consistent use of steroids but a stop and then go kind of usage, like in cycling when you pedal for some time and test for some time.
Often times steroids are combined in various dosages and combinations to maximize its effectiveness and to counter the negative effects, this way of consuming steroids is called stacking. People on steroids always start with manageable doses, which are negligible. The quantities are then increased for a period of time and then gradually decreased to zero. This way of taking steroids is called “pyramiding”.
All the above-mentioned methods of taking steroids are for people who have some form of hormone deficiency. Since dope testing has become so stringent, people who are using performance enhancers do their best to circumvent the system. Following the cycling/stacking/pyramiding period steroid users practice without steroids for a time – this apparently helps your body improve and helps to secrete hormones on its own. How far this practice is true, is not proved yet. Some people keep on taking steroids without following a cycle.
Use of steroids in sports is illegal. When they take oral steroid, they stop using it two weeks before the tests, so that they are not detectable in tests. Traces of injected steroids can be found for a longer time. Thus in sports people prefer oral steroids. Some people also take diuretic medicines which cause more urination, thus helping in taking the traces out of the body. Some steroids are still not detectable in tests.
Designer steroids are made specifically for sports persons. They have not been tested yet. They are very dangerous. They cannot be detected yet by current tests. They are available only illegally. There are no medicinal uses cited for them.
Steroids taken orally as tablets or capsules include
- Anadrol (oxymetholone)
- Oxandrin (oxandrolone)
- Dianabol (methandrostenolone)
- Winstrol (stanozolol).
Steroids taken by injection into muscles include
- Deca-Durabolin (nandrolone decanoate)
- Durabolin (nandrolone phenpropionate)
- Depo-Testosterone (testosterone cypionate)
- Equipoise (boldenone undecylenate).
Steroids and hormones
These steroids are said to enhance the performance of a player. But in reality, there is no scientific proof to say that. All said, these steroids only help to increase the testosterone in male and female persons, which gives you a aggressive behaviour which reflects in your sports activity. There are also many side effects in using the steroids. It helps only in muscle building. It gives you toned muscles, which give you more confidence. Human groeth hormone, Erythropoietin and Androstenedione are some hormones that get changed in our body due to steroids.